The UN Security Council on Friday adopted a resolution on the protection of education in armed conflict.
Resolution 2601, which won the unanimous support of the 15 members of the council, strongly condemns all violations of applicable international law involving the recruitment and use of children by parties to an armed conflict as well as their re-enlistment, murder and dismemberment. , rape and other forms of sexual violence and kidnapping, the Xinhua News Agency reported.
It also condemns attacks on schools and hospitals as well as the denial of humanitarian access by parties to armed conflicts and all other violations of international law.
The resolution urges UN member states to develop effective measures to prevent and counter attacks and threats of attacks against schools and educational institutions and, where appropriate, to develop national legal frameworks to ensure compliance with their relevant international legal obligations.
It condemns the military use of schools in violation of international law and recognizes that their use by armed forces and armed groups can make schools legitimate targets of attack, thus endangering the safety of children and teachers as well as their education.
She calls on member states to protect schools as spaces free from all forms of violence, noting that girls can be the targeted victims of the attack on their education, which can lead to serious violations such as kidnapping and rape and other forms of sexual violence, and urges member states to take action to ensure girls’ equal enjoyment of their right to education.
The resolution calls on member states to stop and prevent the recruitment and re-enlistment of children by parties to conflict, inter alia, through quality education provided in a safe environment in conflict zones.
It stresses the importance of providing assistance to children with disabilities who are affected by armed conflict and encourages member states to take appropriate measures to ensure access to education on an equal basis in the context of armed conflict.
It calls on Member States to take the necessary measures, within their national jurisdictions, to provide assistance for the further education of refugee and displaced children and calls on national, regional and international partners to support efforts aimed at include refugees in schools with adequate funding and specialized support.
It highlights the need for Member States to facilitate the continuation of education during armed conflict, including, where possible, through distance learning and digital technology.
(With IANS inputs)