United Nations, July 12 (SocialNews.XYZ) The UN verified 23,982 grave violations against children in armed conflict in 2021, which affected 19,165 children in the 21 national and regional situations it monitored, according to a report by the UN Secretary-General, which was recently published.
Of the 23,982 grave violations, 22,645 were committed in 2021 and 1,337 were committed earlier but verified in 2021. Of the children involved, 13,633 were boys, 5,242 were girls, 290 were of unknown sex.
The highest numbers of violations were the killing and maiming of 8,070 children, followed by the recruitment and use of 6,310 children and 3,945 incidents of denial of humanitarian access, the report said.
Conflict escalation; the proliferation of armed actors; the use of mines, improvised explosive devices, explosive remnants of war and explosive weapons in populated areas; intensified humanitarian crises; and violations of international humanitarian law and international human rights law have serious implications for the protection of children. Cross-border conflicts and inter-communal violence have affected children, particularly in the central regions of the Sahel and the Lake Chad Basin, while coups and takeovers have worsened the situation for children in Afghanistan, Burkina Faso, Mali, Myanmar and Sudan, the report says.
The highest number of grave violations have been seen in Afghanistan, Congo, Israel and the occupied Palestinian territories, Somalia, Syria and Yemen, it says.
The number of kidnapping cases increased by more than 20% and cases of sexual violence against children continued to increase, by more than 20% in 2021. The number of attacks on schools and hospitals increased 5% in a context of school closures, military use of schools and disregard for children’s right to education and health, he said.
Non-State armed groups were responsible for 55% of violations, State forces for 25%, and the rest of the violations resulted from crossfire, the use of improvised explosive devices, explosive remnants of war and landmines, or had been committed by unknown persons. perpetrators, Xinhua news agency reported.
More than 25 percent of child victims result from improvised explosive devices, explosive remnants of war and landmines, for a total of 2,257 child victims, the report said.
While 70% of children affected by grave violations are boys, the number of violations affecting boys has decreased, while the number of girls victims of murder and maiming, or victims of abduction and sexual violence, has increased , particularly in the Lake Chad region. Bowl. Cases of sexual violence continued to be grossly under-reported, due to stigma, fear of reprisal, harmful social norms, lack of services, impunity, lack of humanitarian access and security issues. Children with disabilities and displaced children were particularly vulnerable, the report said.
“Beyond the work and efforts of all partners, the key to ending and preventing grave violations against children is, without a doubt, peace. The peaceful resolution of conflicts, the search for a understanding and dialogue remain the fastest and best way to reduce and ultimately end all grave violations against children,” said Virginia Gamba, Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict.