Development of China’s National Defense and Armed Forces in a New Era 2012-2022

The Sunday Mail

Special Correspondent


Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (CPC), socialism with Chinese characteristics has entered a new era, as has China’s national defense and military development.

China’s armed forces have gone through a comprehensive revolutionary restructuring under firm Party leadership in preparation for the next stage, while our defense capabilities have grown in step with our economic might.

The integration of national strategic systems and capabilities has accelerated, strong administrative and support systems for former service members have been put in place, defense mobilization has become more effective, and greater unity has been cultivated between the army and the government and between the army and civilians.

China’s armed forces firmly follow the guidance of Xi Jinping Thought on New Era Socialism with Chinese Characteristics and fully implement Xi Jinping Thought on strengthening the military.

The armed forces also unswervingly uphold the party’s absolute leadership over the military, continue to strengthen political loyalty, strengthen themselves through reform, science and technology and the training of competent personnel, and lead them according to law, comprehensively strengthen military training and combat readiness, and work tirelessly to achieve the party’s goal of building a strong army in the new era, developing world-class forces comprehensively, and realizing the Chinese dream of national renewal.

Strengthen the political loyalty of the armed forces
The Gutian Military Political Work Conference was held in 2014, marking a new development path for the people’s army and a new chapter of strengthening the political loyalty of the armed forces.

The Chinese armed forces fully implement the accountability system of the Chairman of the Central Military Commission (CMC) and resolutely follow the leadership of the CPC Central Committee, the CMC and President Xi.

The Chinese armed forces have conducted an in-depth study of the CCP’s history as a source of strength to build a strong army.

The Chinese armed forces pass on the fine traditions of the revolution, assume the task of strengthening the army, uphold and uphold the proud traditions and good conduct of the party and the army, and gather a mighty force to build a strong army.

China’s armed forces keep their glorious history in mind, revere revolutionary martyrs and honor national heroes.

Since 2014, the remains of 825 Chinese People’s Volunteers (CPV) martyrs have been brought from the Republic of Korea (ROK) in eight batches and buried in the CPV Martyrs’ Cemetery in Shenyang.

Strengthen the army through reform
The strategy of strengthening the army through reform has been fully implemented.

This reform reshaped the leadership and command system of the people’s army, the modern military structure, its policies and institutions, and revived the people’s army.

The general principle “with the CMC exercising overall leadership, the TCs being responsible for military operations and the services focusing on capability development” was established.

The reform began with the overhaul of the military leadership and command system.
Fifteen functional organs were reorganized and established under the CMC.

A CMC-TC-Troops operations command system has been established and a CMC-Services-Troops leadership and management system has been put in place.

Strengthening the armed forces through science and technology
The Chinese armed forces have implemented the strategy of strengthening the armed forces through science and technology to make the people’s army more innovative.

Great efforts have been made to improve the capacity for independent innovation in national defense technology, strengthen our country’s strength in science and technology, and excel in innovation and development.

The Chinese armed forces have strengthened major technology studies and prospective, pioneering and exploratory new concepts, accelerated technology development in emerging fields, intensified efforts to seek breakthroughs in core technologies, and strived to conquer a leading position in advanced technologies. technologies.

Strengthen the army with talents
The strategy of strengthening the army through talents in the new era has been implemented.

In response to the call to build an army capable of fighting and winning wars, the Chinese armed forces have been striving to build a new military personnel system, cultivating military talents for the command of joint operations. , new-type combat forces, high-level scientific and technological forces. innovation and quality strategic management.

The science and technology high-level innovative talent project has been strengthened, and policies for talent attraction, team support and ranked evaluation have been put in place.

The Chinese armed forces have deepened the reform and innovation of military academies and cultivated new-type, high-quality and specialized military talents possessing both capability and integrity.

The Provisional Non-Commissioned Officer Regulations and related laws and regulations came into force, with the aim of enhancing the professionalism and stability of the non-commissioned officer corps and ensuring that the non-commissioned officers are loyal to the Party, professional, dedicated and of good character. .

China’s armed forces have established a unified civilian personnel system, expanded their positions, and attracted civilian talents to serve the military.

To lead the armed forces in accordance with the law
The modernization and computerization of the army must pass through governance based on law.

The Chinese armed forces have implemented the strategy of managing the armed forces in accordance with law, accelerating transformations in the way of managing the military, and improving law-based governance in the development of national defense and army.

In February 2015, the CMC issued the Decision on Promoting Law-Based Army Governance and Strict Enforcement of Discipline in the New Era.

In May 2017, President Xi signed the order to launch the Military Legislation Regulations.

Strengthening military training and combat readiness
The Chinese armed forces have vigorously cultivated the fighting spirit and heroism of officers and soldiers “not to fear hardship or death”, resolutely fulfill their missions and tasks in the new era to safeguard national sovereignty, security and development interests, conduct military operations with firm will and appropriate flexibility, respond effectively to external military threats, deter separatist activities pursuing “Taiwan independence”, and resolutely safeguard national sovereignty and territorial integrity, insist on combat training and promote combat capability through training to train in accordance with actual combat requirements and integrate military training into actual combat.

Real combat conditions have been created to increase the difficulty and intensity of force-on-force exercises.

Loving people and keeping the peace
The Chinese armed forces have participated in poverty alleviation.

By 2020, all 4,100 villages, 293,000 households and 924,000 people receiving targeted military support will be lifted out of poverty.

Implementing the vision of a community with a shared future for mankind and fulfilling the obligations of a major country’s armed forces, the Chinese armed forces provide the international community with more and more public security assets.

In accordance with relevant United Nations Security Council resolutions, by January 2022, more than 120 Chinese PLA Navy ships and more than 31,000 officers and sailors have been regularly deployed in 40 convoys to the Gulf of Aden and the waters off the coast of Somalia shipboard protection operations.

They provided security protection for more than 7,000 Chinese and foreign ships in total, more than half of which were foreign ships.

Since its commissioning, the PLAN (People’s Liberation Army Navy) hospital ship Ark Peace has conducted voyages code-named “Mission Harmony” and provided humanitarian medical services overseas.

By 2019, it had conducted nine overseas operations, covering over 240,000 nautical miles, providing services to 43 countries and regions and over 230,000 people.