Children and the armed conflict in Iraq – Report of the Secretary-General (S/2022/46) [EN/AR] – Iraq

Summary

This report, submitted pursuant to Security Council resolution 1612 (2005) and subsequent resolutions on children and armed conflict, is the fourth report on the situation of children and armed conflict in Iraq and covers the period from August 1, 2019 to June 30, 2021.

The report discusses the effects of the conflict on children in the country, highlighting trends and patterns in the six grave violations committed against children, and includes information, where available, on perpetrators. It also presents information on progress made in addressing grave violations against children, including through dialogue with the parties.

Finally, the report provides a series of recommendations addressed to all parties to the conflict aimed at ending and preventing grave violations against children and strengthening the protection of children in Iraq.

Introduction

1. This report, prepared pursuant to Security Council resolution 1612 (2005) and subsequent resolutions on children and armed conflict, covers the period from 1 August 2019 to 30 June 2021. This is the fourth report of the Secretary-General on children and armed conflict in Iraq to be submitted to the Security Council and to its Working Group on Children and Armed Conflict. The report serves to highlight trends and patterns of grave violations against children by parties to the conflict in Iraq, and provides details on progress made to end and prevent these violations since the previous report (S/2019/984) and the adoption by the Working Group on Children and Armed Conflict of its conclusions on the situation of children and the armed conflict in Iraq (S/AC.51/2020/4). It also contains an overview of progress and challenges in establishing dialogue with parties to conflict. Where possible, perpetrators of grave violations are identified. In annex I of the most recent report on children and armed conflict (A/75/873-S/2021/437), Daesh was identified in section A, on parties that had not put in place measures during the reporting period to improve the protection of children, as being a party that recruited and used children, that killed and maimed children, committed rape and other forms of sexual violence against children, abducted children and carried out attacks on schools and hospitals. The Popular Mobilization Forces was listed in section B, on parties that had put in place measures to improve the protection of children, as a party that recruited and used children.

2. The information contained in this report has been verified by the Iraq Monitoring and Reporting Country Task Force, co-chaired by the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and the Mission United Nations Assistance Program for Iraq. The outbreak of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic and related response measures, including movement restrictions, have exacerbated existing challenges to document and verify grave violations against children. Therefore, the information presented in this report does not represent the full extent of grave violations committed against children in Iraq during the reporting period, and the actual number of grave violations is likely higher. Where incidents occurred earlier but were only verified during the reporting period, this information is qualified as relating to an incident that was verified at a later date.