Children and armed conflict in Yemen – Report of the Secretary-General (S / 2021/761) [EN/AR] – Yemen

Summary

This report, the third on the situation of children and armed conflict in Yemen, has been prepared pursuant to Security Council resolution 1612 (2005). It contains information on the six grave violations committed against children by parties to the conflict in Yemen between January 1, 2019 and December 31, 2020, with details of the perpetrators and the context in which the violations were committed, when they are available. It also contains information on the progress made in the fight against serious violations against children, in particular through the implementation of action plans. Finally, the report provides recommendations to end and prevent serious violations against children in Yemen and improve their protection.

Introduction

  1. This report, which covers the period from January 1, 2019 to December 31, 2020, has been submitted pursuant to the Security Council resolution 1612 (2005) and subsequent resolutions on children and armed conflict. This is the third report on the situation of children affected by armed conflict in Yemen. It documents the trends and patterns of grave violations against children since the previous report (S / 2019/453) and the adoption by the Security Council’s Working Group on Children and Armed Conflict of its conclusions on the situation of children and armed conflict in Yemen (S / AC.51 / 2020/1). It also describes the challenges and progress in the fight against serious violations and contains specific recommendations to strengthen the protection of children. To the extent possible, the report identifies parties to the conflict responsible for serious violations against children. In this regard, Yemeni government forces, including the Yemeni armed forces, have been listed for the recruitment and use of children in section B of annex I of the most recent report on children and armed conflict. (A / 75/873-S / 2021/437) as a party that had put in place measures to improve the protection of children. The Houthis (who refer to themselves Ansar Allah) have been listed for recruitment and use in Section B, while also being listed in Section A as the party that did not set up a measures to improve the protection of children, for murders, mutilations and attacks. on schools and hospitals. Al-Qaida in the Arabian Peninsula, pro-government militias, including Salafists and People’s Committees, and seat belt forces were listed in section A.

  2. The United Nations Country Monitoring and Reporting Task Force continued to face significant challenges in monitoring and reporting serious violations against children in more than 49 active frontline locations, notably the governorates of Ma’rib, Hajjah, Sa’dah, Ta’izz and Hudaydah. Information was often difficult to verify due to lack of access, security risks, fear, intimidation and threats, and the associated risks of being arrested and subjected to arbitrary detention and enforced disappearance. In some cases, staff from member organizations of the national task force have been detained by the Houthis and prevented from accessing key locations to collect information on children associated with armed forces and groups.

  3. As of March 2020, the onset of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic and related restrictions further exacerbated existing challenges. Therefore, the information contained in this report does not represent the full extent of serious violations committed in Yemen during the reporting period, and the actual number of serious violations is likely to be much higher.