Children and armed conflict in the Democratic Republic of the Congo – Report of the Secretary-General (S/2022/745) – Democratic Republic of the Congo

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Summary

This report, submitted pursuant to Security Council resolution 1612 (2005) and subsequent resolutions, is the eighth report of the Secretary-General on children and armed conflict in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It covers the period from 1 April 2020 to 31 March 2022 and the information provided focuses on the six grave violations committed against children, their perpetrators and the context in which the violations took place.

The report presents trends and patterns of grave violations against children by all parties to the conflict and provides details on progress made in addressing grave violations against children, including through the implementation of action plans. action and other child protection commitments.

The report concludes with a series of recommendations aimed at ending and preventing grave violations against children in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and improving child protection.

Introduction

  1. This report, submitted pursuant to Security Council resolution 1612 (2005) and subsequent resolutions, covers the period from 1 April 2020 to 31 March 2022. This is the eighth report of the Secretary-General on children and armed conflict in the Democratic Republic of the Congo to be submitted to the Security Council and its Working Group on Children and Armed Conflict. The report highlights trends and patterns of grave violations against children by parties to the conflict in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and provides details on progress made to end and prevent these violations since the previous report (S/2020/1030) and the adoption by the Working Group of its conclusions on the situation of children and the armed conflict in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (S/AC.51/2020/10). It also contains information on the progress and challenges of dialogue with the parties to the conflict. To the extent possible, parties responsible for grave violations are identified. In annex I of the latest report of the Secretary-General on children and armed conflict (A/76/871-S/2022/493), the Armed Forces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (FARDC) remained listed for sexual violence against children on the list of parties having taken measures to improve the protection of children, while 12 armed groups continued to be listed for one or more violations in the list of parties that have not implemented such measures.

  2. The information in this report has been verified, through the Monitoring and Reporting Mechanism on Children and Armed Conflict, by the United Nations Country Task Force on Monitoring and Reporting. reports in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, which is co-chaired by the United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO) and the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF). The ability of the country task force to verify information on violations has sometimes been hampered by security constraints, the activities of armed groups, the “state of siege” in the provinces of North Kivu and Ituri and ongoing FARDC military operations against armed groups. Public health threats such as the Ebola outbreak in North Kivu and measures related to the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic during the reporting period also posed serious challenges with regard to site access and incident verification. Therefore, the information in this report does not represent the full extent of grave violations committed against children in the country, and the actual number of violations is likely higher. Where incidents occurred earlier but were only verified during the reporting period, this information is qualified as relating to an incident that was verified at a later date.