Children and armed conflict in Sudan – Report of the Secretary-General (S/2022/627) [EN/AR] – Sudan

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Summary

This report, submitted pursuant to Security Council resolution 1612 (2005) and subsequent resolutions on children and armed conflict, is the seventh report of the Secretary-General on children and armed conflict in the Sudan and covers the period from 1 January 2020 to 31 December 2021.

The report documents the effects of the conflict on children in Sudan, highlights trends and patterns in the six grave violations against children and contains information on perpetrators where available. In addition, it presents information on progress made in addressing grave violations against children, including through dialogue with the parties.

The report includes a series of recommendations addressed to all parties to the conflict aimed at ending and preventing grave violations against children and strengthening the protection of children in Sudan.

Introduction

  1. This report, prepared pursuant to Security Council resolution 1612 (2005) and subsequent resolutions on children and armed conflict, covers the period from 1 January 2020 to 31 December 2021. This is the seventh report of the Secretary-General on children and armed conflict in Sudan to be submitted to the Security Council and to its working group on children and armed conflict. The report highlights trends and patterns of grave violations against children by parties to the conflict in Sudan and provides details on progress made to end and prevent these violations since the previous report (S/2020/614) and the adoption by the Working Group on Children and Armed Conflict of its conclusions on the situation of children and armed conflict in Sudan (S/AC.51/2020/7). It also contains information on the progress and challenges of dialogue with the parties to the conflict. Where possible, parties to the conflict responsible for grave violations are identified. In the annexes to the Secretary-General’s latest report on children and armed conflict (A/76/871-S/2022/493), on List A of scheduled parties that had not put in place measures during the reporting period to improve the protection of children, five armed groups are listed for the recruitment and use of children, namely the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM), the Sudan Liberation Army-Minni Minawi (SLA-MM), the Abdelaziz al-Hilu faction of the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N), the SPLM-N Malik Agar faction and the Sudan Liberation Army-Abdul Wahid (SLA-AW). Apart from the latter, all the armed groups have in the past signed action plans with the United Nations.

  2. The information in this report has been verified by the United Nations Country Task Force on Monitoring and Reporting in Sudan, co-chaired by the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), the Resident Coordinator and the African Union-United Nations Hybrid Operation. in Darfur (UNAMID) until its withdrawal in December 2020. As of January 2021, the country task force is chaired by the United Nations Integrated Transition Assistance Mission in Sudan (UNITAMS) and UNICEF. Challenges related to insecurity and access to conflict-affected areas have significantly hampered the documentation and verification of grave violations against children. The outbreak of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic and related response measures in 2020, including movement restrictions, have further exacerbated these challenges. Therefore, the information in the report does not represent the full extent of grave violations committed against children in Sudan during the reporting period, and the actual number of violations is likely higher. Where incidents occurred earlier but were only verified during the reporting period, this information is qualified as relating to an incident that was verified at a later date.