Children and Armed Conflict in Somalia, Report of the Secretary-General (S/2022/397) – Somalia

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Summary

This report, submitted pursuant to Security Council resolution 1612 (2005) and subsequent resolutions on children and armed conflict, is the sixth report of the Secretary-General on children and armed conflict in Somalia and covers the period from October 1, 2019 to September 30. 2021.

The report documents the effects of the conflict on children in Somalia, highlighting trends and patterns regarding the six grave violations against children, and includes information on perpetrators where available. Information is also presented on progress made in addressing grave violations against children, including through dialogue with the parties.

The report contains a series of recommendations addressed to all parties to the conflict aimed at ending and preventing grave violations against children and strengthening the protection of children in Somalia.

Introduction

  1. This report, prepared pursuant to Security Council resolution 1612 (2005) and subsequent resolutions on children and armed conflict, covers the period from 1 October 2019 to 30 September 2021. This is the sixth report of the Secretary-General on children and armed conflict in Somalia. to be submitted to the Security Council and its Working Group on Children and Armed Conflict. The report highlights trends and patterns of grave violations against children by parties to the conflict in Somalia and provides details on progress made to end and prevent these violations since the previous report (S/2020/174) and adoption by the Working Group. on children and armed conflict of its conclusions on the situation of children and armed conflict in Somalia (S/AC.51/2020/6). It also contains information on the progress and challenges of dialogue with the parties to the conflict.
    Where possible, parties to the conflict responsible for grave violations are identified. In annex I of the Secretary-General’s latest report on children and armed conflict (A/75/873-S/2021/437), Al-Shabaab is listed for recruitment and use, killing and maiming, sexual violence, kidnapping , and Attacks on Schools and Hospitals, in Section A, listed parties that had not put in place measures during the reporting period to improve the protection of children. Ahl al-Sunna wal-Jama’a is listed for the recruitment and use of children in Section A. The Somali Federal Defense and Police Forces are listed in Section B, which contains parties that have established measures during the reporting period aimed at improving the protection of children.

  2. The information in this report has been verified by the United Nations Country Task Force on Somalia Monitoring and Reporting, co-chaired by the United Nations Assistance Mission in Somalia and the United Nations Fund for Children (UNICEF). Insecurity and problems of access to conflict-affected areas have significantly hampered the documentation and verification of grave violations against children. The outbreak of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic and related response measures, including movement restrictions, have further exacerbated these challenges. Therefore, the information in the report does not represent the full extent of grave violations committed against children in Somalia during the reporting period and the actual number of violations is likely higher. Where incidents occurred earlier but were only verified during the reporting period, this information is qualified as relating to an incident that was verified at a later date.